AXT, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2007 Results
First Quarter 2007 Results
Revenue for the first quarter of 2007 was $12.5 million, compared with $13.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2006, and $8.5 million in the first quarter of 2006. Total GaAs substrate revenue was $8.8 million for the first quarter of 2007, compared with $11.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2006, and $6.8 million in the first quarter of 2006. Specifically, 6-inch diameter wafer sales were $3.3 million for the first quarter of 2007 compared with $4.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2006, and $2.8 million in the first quarter of 2006. The decrease in 6-inch diameter wafer sales from the prior quarter was primarily due to the delay in BIFET qualifications of certain customers and less than expected orders from a few handset market customers.
InP substrate revenue was $518,000 for the first quarter of 2007, compared with $456,000 in the fourth quarter of 2006, and $296,000 in the first quarter of 2006. Ge substrate revenue was $541,000, compared with $318,000 in the fourth quarter of 2006, and $36,000 in the first quarter of 2006. Sales of raw materials, primarily 99.99 percent pure gallium, were $2.6 million in the first quarter of 2007, compared with $1.2 million in the fourth quarter as a result of three new Japanese raw material customers; these additional raw materials sales are not expected to be repeated in such magnitude in the second quarter of 2007. Sales of raw materials were $1.4 million in the first quarter of 2006.
Gross margin was 43.2 percent of revenue for the first quarter of 2007. This included a benefit from the sale of approximately $785,000 in fully reserved wafers, which positively affected the quarterly gross margin by 6.3 percentage points. However, our gross margins continue to benefit from overall yield improvements in many areas of manufacturing. By comparison, gross margin in the fourth quarter of 2006 was 38.2 percent, including a benefit from the sales of approximately $730,000 in fully reserved wafers, which positively affected fourth quarter gross margin by 5.6 percentage points. Gross margin in the first quarter of 2006 was 17.8 percent, including a benefit from the sale of approximately $537,000 in fully reserved wafers, which positively affected the quarterly gross margins by 6.3 percentage points.
Operating expenses were $4.2 million in the first quarter of 2007, compared with $3.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2006 primarily as a result of higher legal fees in anticipation of settling existing lawsuits; operating expenses were $3.8 million in the first quarter of 2006.
Income from operations for the first quarter of 2007 was $1.2 million, compared with income from operations of $1.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2006, and loss from operations of $2.3 million for the first quarter of 2006.
Net interest and other income for the first quarter of 2007 was $213,000 compared with net interest and other income of $1.1 million for the fourth quarter, which included a gain on sale of Finisar stock of $1.3 million; net interest and other income for the first quarter of 2006 was $366,000, primarily from a gain on sale of Finisar stock of $371,000.
Net income in the first quarter of 2007 was $1.3 million or $0.04 per diluted share, based on 31.3 million weighted average shares outstanding. By comparison, in the fourth quarter of 2006 we reported net income of $3.4 million or $0.13 per diluted share, based on 25.5 million weighted average shares outstanding, which included approximately 5 cents from the gain on sale of Finisar stock and 4 cents from the company's net income tax benefit. The increase in shares outstanding is the result of our public offering of 6.6 million shares of common stock completed in December 2006 and January 2007. Net loss in the first quarter of 2006 was $2.2 million, or $(0.10) per diluted share.
Management Qualitative Comments
"The first quarter was both challenging and rewarding for AXT," said Phil Yin, chief executive officer. "With the delay in BIFET qualifications of certain customers and less than expected orders from a few handset market customers, revenue came in below our expectations. However, through significant engineering and operating achievements in our cost reduction efforts, coupled with positive product mix, we recorded gross margins of 43.2 percent in the quarter, allowing us to exceed our earnings expectations. Further, qualification activity across all of our product lines has been robust and early feedback from our existing customers and potential customers leads us to believe that 2007 will be a strong year for AXT. AXT continues to execute well at all levels and our accomplishments, coupled with our growing market and significant competitive advantages position us well for continued growth in 2007."
Outlook for Second Quarter, Ending June 30, 2007
AXT estimates revenue for the second quarter will increase to between $13.1 million and $13.5 million. The company estimates that net income per diluted share will be between $0.03 and $0.06, which takes into account stock compensation expense of approximately $150,000 and our diluted weighted average share count of approximately 31.4 million shares.
The company will also host a conference call today to discuss these results at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (973) 935-2100 (PIN 8595637). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at http://www.axt.com. Replays will be available at (973) 341-3080 until May 9, 2007. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at http://www.axt.com or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 683-5900.
About AXT, Inc.
AXT designs, develops, manufactures and distributes high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates comprising gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium phosphide (InP) and germanium (Ge). The company's substrate products are used primarily in lighting display applications, wireless communications, and fiber optic communications. Its vertical gradient freeze (VGF) technique for manufacturing semiconductor substrates provides significant benefits over other methods and enabled AXT to become a leading manufacturer of such substrates, particularly in optoelectronics applications. AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and invests in five joint ventures producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT's website at http://www.axt.com.
Safe Harbor Statement
The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal Securities laws, including statements related to the future financial performance of the company and our ability to continue growth, maintain profitability, control costs and improve efficiency, as well as relating to improvements in our manufacturing costs, improvements in our competitive position and our technology development. These forward-looking statements are based upon specific assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company's operations and business environment, which could cause actual results of the company to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to the impact of customer qualification of our products, new opportunities for our China joint ventures, improvements in our production processes, product quality and yields, cost and supply of raw materials, the impact of technology developments providing new markets for GaAs and Ge substrates, overall conditions in the markets in which the company competes as well as market conditions and trends; market acceptance and demand for the company's products; and other factors as set forth in the company's annual report on Form 10-K and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company's control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
AXT, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data) Three Months Ended March 31, 2007 2006 Revenue $12,526 $8,471 Cost of revenue 7,121 6,961 Gross profit 5,405 1,510 Operating expenses: Selling, general and administrative 3,703 3,230 Research and development 460 534 Restructuring benefit - (2) Total operating expenses 4,163 3,762 Income (loss) from continuing operations 1,242 (2,252) Interest income, net 224 128 Other income (expense), net (11) 238 Income (loss) from continuing operations before provision for income taxes 1,455 (1,886) Provision for income taxes 111 318 Income (loss) from continuing operations 1,344 (2,204) Discontinued operations: Gain from discontinued operations, net of tax - 1 Net income (loss) $1,344 $(2,203) Basic income (loss) per share: Income (loss) from continuing operations $0.04 $(0.10) Gain (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax - - Net income (loss) per share - basic $0.04 $(0.10) Shares used in computing basic income (loss) per share 29,798 22,986 Diluted income (loss) per share: Income (loss) from continuing operations $0.04 $(0.10) Gain (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax - - Net income (loss) per share - diluted $0.04 $(0.10) Shares used in computing diluted income (loss) per share 31,324 22,986 AXT, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited, in thousands) March 31, December 31, 2007 2006 Assets: Current assets Cash and cash equivalents $15,064 $16,116 Short-term investments 21,529 19,428 Accounts receivable, net 8,561 9,658 Inventories, net 24,389 20,263 Prepaid expenses and other current assets 3,630 3,985 Assets held for sale 4,659 4,659 Total current assets 77,832 74,109 Property, plant and equipment, net 13,757 12,775 Other assets 4,499 4,298 Restricted deposits 7,000 7,150 Total assets $103,088 $98,332 Liabilities and stockholders' equity: Current liabilities Accounts payable $3,115 $3,764 Accrued liabilities 4,182 3,536 Current portion of long-term debt 450 450 Total current liabilities 7,747 7,750 Long-term debt, net of current portion 6,611 6,839 Other long-term liabilities 2,099 2,543 Total liabilities 16,457 17,132 Stockholders' equity: Preferred stock 3,532 3,532 Common stock 184,793 180,965 Accumulated deficit (102,488) (103,832) Other comprehensive income 794 535 Total stockholders' equity 86,631 81,200 Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $103,088 $98,332
SOURCE AXT, Inc.Wilson W. Cheung of AXT, Inc., Chief Financial Officer, +1-510-683-5900; or Leslie
Green of Green Communications Consulting, LLC, +1-650-312-9060, for AXT, Inc.