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AXT, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2010 Financial Results

Q1 FY 2010 Net Revenues: $18.6 Million Q1 FY 2010 GAAP Gross Margin: 36.1 Percent Q1 FY 2010 GAAP Net Income: $2.6 Million; $0.08 per Share (Diluted)

FREMONT, CA, Apr 28, 2010 (MARKETWIRE via COMTEX) --AXT, Inc. (NASDAQ: AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor substrates, today reported financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2010.

First Quarter 2010 Results

Revenue for the first quarter of 2010 was $18.6 million, compared with $17.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, and $7.7 million in the first quarter of 2009. Total gallium arsenide (GaAs) substrate revenue was $13.4 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared with $12.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, and $5.0 million in the first quarter of 2009.

Indium phosphide (InP) substrate revenue was $875,000 for the first quarter of 2010, compared with $513,000 in the fourth quarter of 2009, and $490,000 in the first quarter of 2009. Germanium (Ge) substrate revenue was $1.64 million compared with $1.85 million in the fourth quarter of 2009 and $622,000 in the first quarter of 2009. Raw materials sales were $2.7 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared with $2.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2009 and $1.5 million in the first quarter of 2009.

Gross margin was 36.1 percent of revenue for the first quarter of 2010. By comparison, gross margin in the fourth quarter of 2009 was 33.9 percent of revenue. Gross margin was negative 3.1 percent of revenue for the first quarter of 2009.

Operating expenses were $3.9 million in the first quarter of 2010, compared with $3.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, which included approximately $500,000 in one-time favorable year-end adjustments for professional fees, China pension funds and China union fees. Operating expenses in the first quarter of 2009 were $5.0 million, and included approximately $629,000 severance and stock compensation accrual for the company's former chief executive officer, and a $507,000 restructuring charge as a result of its reduction in force.

Income from operations for the first quarter of 2010 was $2.9 million compared with income from operations of $3.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, and loss from operations of $5.2 million in the first quarter of 2009.

Net interest and other income for the first quarter of 2010 was $94,000, which included $120,000 gain on investment notes that matured and an unrealized foreign exchange loss of $68,000. This compares with net interest and other expense of $92,000 in the fourth quarter of 2009, which included an unrealized foreign exchange loss of $140,000, and net interest and other expense of $378,000 in the first quarter of 2009, which included an unrealized foreign exchange loss of $409,000.

Net income in the first quarter of 2010 was $2.6 million or $0.08 per diluted share, compared with net income of $2.8 million or $0.09 per diluted share in the fourth quarter of 2009, and with a net loss of $5.5 million, or loss of $0.18 per diluted share in the first quarter of 2009.

Management Qualitative Comments

"This was another very good quarter for AXT," said Morris Young, chief executive officer. "We have continued to experience solid demand for our products across all of our primary markets, driven by significant and extended market trends, such as the rapid expansion of wireless devices and subscribers, the increasing momentum in the adoption of LED technology and the growing interest in solar energy. Further, our own execution has been strong throughout our engineering, manufacturing, sales and administrative functions. We have had tremendous success in continuing to develop our valuable, long-term customer relationships as well as penetrating new customers and new opportunities to drive our growth and diversify our base. In addition, our efforts to restructure and refocus our organization over the past nine months are resulting in tangible benefits in our efficiency, productivity and profitability -- creating a solid foundation for our success in quarters to come."

Outlook for Second Quarter, Ending June 30, 2010

AXT estimates revenue for the second quarter will increase to between $20.7 million and $21.5 million. The company estimates that net income per share will be between $0.08 and $0.09, which takes into account our weighted average share count of approximately 31.9 million shares.

Conference Call

The Company will also host a conference call to discuss these results on April 28, 2010 at 1:30 p.m. PDT. The conference call can be accessed at (719) 457-2705 (passcode 8474153). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at www.axt.com. Replays will be available at (719) 457-0820 (passcode 8474153) until May 5, 2010. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at http://www.axt.com or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 683-5900.

About AXT, Inc.

AXT designs, develops, manufactures and distributes high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates comprising gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium phosphide (InP) and germanium (Ge) through its manufacturing facilities in Beijing, China. In addition, AXT maintains its sales, administration and customer service functions at its headquarters in Fremont, California. The company's substrate products are used primarily in lighting display applications, wireless communications, fiber optic communications and solar cell. Its vertical gradient freeze (VGF) technique for manufacturing semiconductor substrates provides significant benefits over other methods and enabled AXT to become a leading manufacturer of such substrates. AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and invests in five joint ventures producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT's website at http://www.axt.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal Securities laws, including statements regarding our outlook for the second quarter of 2010, our manufacturing efficiency improvements, our commitment to increased funding for our engineering and customer support efforts, trends in our key markets, our ability to accommodate demand for our products, our capital requirements and our business structures. These forward-looking statements are based upon specific assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company's operations and business environment, which could cause actual results of the company to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to overall conditions in the markets in which the company competes; global financial conditions and uncertainties, market acceptance and demand for the company's products; the impact of the factory closures or other delays by our customers on the timing of sales of products; and other factors as set forth in the company's annual report on Form 10-K and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company's control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

FINANCIAL TABLES TO FOLLOW

                                AXT, INC.
              CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
             (Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)
                                                      Three Months Ended
                                                          March 31,
                                                    ----------------------
                                                       2010        2009
                                                    ----------  ----------
Revenue                                             $   18,641  $    7,654
Cost of revenue                                         11,909       7,891
                                                    ----------  ----------
Gross profit (loss)                                      6,732        (237)
                                                    ----------  ----------
Operating expenses:
  Selling, general and administrative                    3,419       4,006
  Research and development                                 451         460
  Restructuring charge                                       -         507
                                                    ----------  ----------
    Total operating expenses                             3,870       4,973
                                                    ----------  ----------
Income (loss) from operations                            2,862      (5,210)
Interest income, net                                        15          44
Other income (loss), net                                    79        (422)
                                                    ----------  ----------
Income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income
 taxes                                                   2,956      (5,588)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes                       246           4
                                                    ----------  ----------
Net income (loss)                                        2,710      (5,592)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to
 noncontrolling interest                                  (130)         76
                                                    ----------  ----------
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc.         $    2,580  $   (5,516)
                                                    ==========  ==========
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc. per
 common share:
  Basic                                             $     0.08  $    (0.18)
                                                    ==========  ==========
  Diluted                                           $     0.08  $    (0.18)
                                                    ==========  ==========
Weighted average number of common shares
 outstanding:
  Basic                                                 30,743      30,434
                                                    ==========  ==========
  Diluted                                               31,792      30,434
                                                    ==========  ==========
                                AXT, INC.
                  CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
                        (Unaudited, in thousands)
                                                    March 31,  December 31,
                                                       2010        2009
                                                    ----------  ----------
Assets:
Current assets
  Cash and cash equivalents                         $   20,607  $   16,934
  Short-term investments                                18,734      18,469
  Accounts receivable, net                              15,166      15,362
  Inventories, net                                      28,141      27,718
  Prepaid expenses and other current assets              3,067       2,411
                                                    ----------  ----------
       Total current assets                             85,715      80,894
Property, plant and equipment, net                      20,293      20,853
Other assets                                             6,160       6,199
                                                    ----------  ----------
      Total assets                                  $  112,168  $  107,946
                                                    ==========  ==========
Liabilities and stockholders' equity:
Current liabilities
  Accounts payable                                  $    6,894  $    5,571
  Accrued liabilities                                    4,976       4,566
  Current portion of long-term debt                         77          76
                                                    ----------  ----------
     Total current liabilities                          11,947      10,213
Long-term debt, net of current portion                     401         420
Other long-term liabilities                                 29          62
                                                    ----------  ----------
     Total liabilities                                  12,377      10,695
                                                    ----------  ----------
Stockholders' equity:
  Preferred stock                                        3,532       3,532
  Common stock                                         188,148     187,901
  Accumulated deficit                                  (98,551)   (101,130)
  Other comprehensive income                             4,076       4,300
                                                    ----------  ----------
     Total AXT, Inc. stockholders' equity               97,205      94,603
  Noncontrolling interest                                2,586       2,648
                                                    ----------  ----------
     Total stockholders' equity                         99,791      97,251
                                                    ----------  ----------
     Total liabilities and stockholders' equity     $  112,168  $  107,946
                                                    ==========  ==========

Contacts:
Raymond A. Low
Chief Financial Officer
(510) 683-5900

Leslie Green
Green Communications Consulting, LLC
(650) 312-9060


SOURCE: AXT, Inc.