AXT, Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2007 Results
Second Quarter 2007 Results
Revenue for the second quarter of 2007 was $13.6 million, compared with $12.5 million in the first quarter of 2007, and $10.4 million in the second quarter of 2006. Total gallium arsenide (GaAs) substrate revenue was $9.3 million for the second quarter of 2007, compared with $8.8 million in the first quarter of 2007, and $8.1 million in the first quarter of 2006. Specifically, 6-inch diameter wafer sales were $2.8 million for the second quarter of 2007 compared with $3.3 million in the first quarter of 2007, and $3.0 million in the second quarter of 2006. The continued decrease in 6-inch diameter wafer sales from the prior quarter was primarily due to the delay in BIFET qualifications of certain customers. However, the majority of the BIFET qualifications was completed by the end of the second quarter.
Indium phosphide (InP) revenue was $660,000 for the second quarter of 2007, compared with $518,000 in the first quarter of 2007, and $613,000 in the second quarter of 2006. Germanium (Ge) substrate revenue was $402,000, compared with $541,000 in the first quarter of 2007, and $169,000 in the second quarter of 2006. Sales of raw materials, primarily 99.99 percent pure gallium, were $3.3 million in the second quarter of 2007, compared with $2.6 million in the first quarter of 2007, and with $1.4 million in the second quarter of 2006. The increase in raw material sales is the result of our selling to new European customers, as well as the increase in raw materials pricing, particularly average sales price for raw gallium.
Gross margin was 36.9 percent of revenue for the second quarter of 2007. This included a benefit from the sale of approximately $387,000 in fully reserved wafers, which positively affected the quarterly gross margin by 2.8 percentage points. By comparison, gross margin in the first quarter of 2007 was 43.2 percent, including a benefit from the sales of approximately $785,000 in fully reserved wafers, which positively affected first quarter gross margin by 6.3 percentage points. Gross margin in the second quarter of 2006 was 26.6 percent, including a benefit from the sale of approximately $802,000 in fully reserved wafers, which positively affected the quarterly gross margins by 7.7 percentage points.
Operating expenses were $3.6 million in the second quarter of 2007, which included a bad debt expense of $574,000 partially offset by a recovery of an impairment on assets held for sale of $481,000, compared with operating expenses of $4.2 million in the first quarter of 2007, and operating expenses were $4.4 million in the second quarter of 2006.
Income from operations for the second quarter of 2007 was $1.4 million, compared with income from operations of $1.2 million for the first quarter of 2007, and a loss from operations of $1.7 million for the second quarter of 2006.
Net interest and other income (expense) for the second quarter of 2007 was an expense of $47,000 compared with income of $213,000 for the first quarter primarily due to foreign exchange losses and; net interest and other income (expense) for the second quarter of 2006 was income of $925,000, primarily due to a gain on sale of Finisar stock of $1.0 million.
Net income in the second quarter of 2007 was $1.2 million or $0.04 per diluted share. By comparison, in the first quarter of 2007 we reported net income of $1.3 million or $0.04 per diluted share. Net loss in the second quarter of 2006 was $(876,000), or $(0.04) per diluted share.
Management Qualitative Comments
"This has been a very interesting and gratifying quarter for AXT," said Phil Yin, chief executive officer. "Shortages in gallium raw material and increasing interest in emerging applications such as photovoltaics are illuminating the unique competitive positioning that AXT is likely to benefit from over the next several years. After an industry wide pause to complete BIFET qualifications and digest some excess inventory, we are poised for renewed growth in our 6 inch products. Demand is returning across all areas of our core GaAs business and we are completing several strategically important qualifications that will begin to generate revenue in the second half of the fiscal year. Further, we are very pleased to report that our strategy to vertically integrate our raw material needs has not only proven to be very effective in regards to raw materials pricing and volume, it has clearly become a major differentiator in our industry; and, coupled with our diverse and unique product portfolio, extensive manufacturing capabilities and strong execution, has resulted in significant advantages for our customers and our shareholders."
Outlook for Third Quarter, Ending September 30, 2007
AXT estimates revenue for the third quarter will increase to between $14.0 million and $14.6 million. The company estimates that net income per diluted share will be between $0.04 and $0.06, which takes into account stock compensation expense of approximately $100,000 and our diluted weighted average share count of approximately 31.2 million shares.
The company will also host a conference call today to discuss these results at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (973) 935-2402 (PIN 8890680). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at http://www.axt.com. Replays will be available at (973) 341-3080 until August 8, 2007. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at http://www.axt.com or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 683-5900.
About AXT, Inc.
AXT designs, develops, manufactures and distributes high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates comprising gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium phosphide (InP) and germanium (Ge) through its manufacturing facilities in Beijing, China. In addition, AXT maintains its sales, administration and customer service functions at its headquarters in Fremont, California. The company's substrate products are used primarily in lighting display applications, wireless communications, and fiber optic communications. Its vertical gradient freeze (VGF) technique for manufacturing semiconductor substrates provides significant benefits over other methods and enabled AXT to become a leading manufacturer of such substrates, particularly in optoelectronics applications. AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and invests in five joint ventures producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT's website at http://www.axt.com.
Safe Harbor Statement
The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal Securities laws, including statements related to the future financial performance of the company and our ability to continue growth, maintain profitability, control costs and improve efficiency, as well as relating to improvements in our manufacturing costs, improvements in our competitive position and our technology development. These forward-looking statements are based upon specific assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company's operations and business environment, which could cause actual results of the company to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to the impact of customer qualification of our products, new opportunities for our China joint ventures, improvements in our production processes, product quality and yields, cost and supply of raw materials, the impact of technology developments providing new markets for GaAs and Ge substrates, overall conditions in the markets in which the company competes as well as market conditions and trends; market acceptance and demand for the company's products; and other factors as set forth in the company's annual report on Form 10-K and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company's control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
FINANCIAL TABLES TO FOLLOW AXT, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data) Three Months Ended Six Months Ended June 30, June 30, 2007 2006 2007 2006 Revenue $13,639 $10,355 $26,165 $18,826 Cost of revenue 8,607 7,596 15,728 14,557 Gross profit 5,032 2,759 10,437 4,269 Operating expenses: Selling, general and administrative 3,743 3,853 7,446 7,083 Research and development 348 571 808 1,105 Recovery of impairment on assets held for sale (481) - (481) - Restructuring benefit - - - (2) Total operating expenses 3,610 4,424 7,773 8,186 Income (loss) from continuing operations 1,422 (1,665) 2,664 (3,917) Interest income, net 225 111 449 239 Other income (expense), net (272) 814 (283) 1,052 Income (loss) from continuing operations before provision for income taxes 1,375 (740) 2,830 (2,626) Provision for income taxes 162 138 273 456 Income (loss) from continuing operations 1,213 (878) 2,557 (3,082) Discontinued operations: Gain from discontinued operations, net of tax - 2 - 3 Net income (loss) $1,213 $(876) $2,557 $(3,079) Basic income (loss) per share: Income (loss) from continuing operations $0.04 $(0.04) $0.08 $(0.14) Gain (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax - - - - Net income (loss) per share - basic $0.04 $(0.04) $0.08 $(0.14) Shares used in computing basic income (loss) per share 29,943 23,052 29,871 23,019 Diluted income (loss) per share: Income (loss) from continuing operations $0.04 $(0.04) $0.08 $(0.14) Gain (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax - - - - Net income (loss) per share - diluted $0.04 $(0.04) $0.08 $(0.14) Shares used in computing diluted income (loss) per share 31,142 23,052 31,233 23,019 AXT, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited, in thousands) June 30, December 31, 2007 2006 Assets: Current assets Cash and cash equivalents $15,416 $16,116 Short-term investments 18,262 19,428 Accounts receivable, net 9,882 9,658 Inventories, net 24,953 20,263 Prepaid expenses and other current assets 4,121 3,985 Assets held for sale 5,140 4,659 Total current assets 77,774 74,109 Property, plant and equipment, net 14,814 12,775 Other assets 4,843 4,298 Restricted deposits 6,850 7,150 Total assets $104,281 $98,332 Liabilities and stockholders' equity: Current liabilities Accounts payable $2,141 $3,764 Accrued liabilities 3,761 3,536 Current portion of long-term debt 450 450 Total current liabilities 6,352 7,750 Long-term debt, net of current portion 6,456 6,839 Other long-term liabilities 2,592 2,543 Total liabilities 15,400 17,132 Stockholders' equity: Preferred stock 3,532 3,532 Common stock 185,018 180,965 Accumulated deficit (101,275) (103,832) Other comprehensive income 1,606 535 Total stockholders' equity 88,881 81,200 Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $104,281 $98,332
SOURCE AXT, Inc.Wilson W. Cheung, Chief Financial Officer of AXT, Inc., +1-510-683-5900; or Leslie
Green of Green Communications Consulting, LLC, +1-650-312-9060, for AXT, Inc.