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AXT, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2018 Financial Results

FREMONT, Calif., April 25, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- AXT, Inc. (NasdaqGS:AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor substrates, today reported financial results for the first quarter, ended March 31, 2018.

First Quarter 2018 Results

Revenue for the first quarter of 2018 was $24.4 million, compared with $26.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2017 and $20.6 million for the first quarter of 2017.    

Gross margin was 39.2 percent of revenue for the first quarter of 2018, compared with 37.2 percent of revenue in the fourth quarter of 2017 and 30.5 percent for the first quarter of 2017.

Operating expenses were $5.6 million in the first quarter of 2018, compared with $6.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2017 and $4.9 million for the first quarter of 2017. 

Operating profit for the first quarter of 2018 was $3.9 million, compared with operating profit of $3.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2017 and $1.4 million for the first quarter of 2017.   

Interest and other, net was a loss of $0.4 million for the first quarter of 2018, compared with a loss of $0.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2017 and a loss of $0.8 million for the first quarter of 2017.  Interest and other, net for the first quarter of 2018 included interest income of $0.1 million, a foreign exchange loss of $0.2 million and a net loss of $0.3 million from the seven partially owned companies in the company’s supply chain, accounted for under the equity method.

Income tax expense in the first quarter of 2018 was $0.3 million, compared with $0.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2017 and $0.2 million for the first quarter of 2017.

Net income in the first quarter of 2018 was $2.9 million, or $0.07 per diluted share, compared with a net income of $3.1 million or $0.08 per diluted share in the fourth quarter of 2017 and $0.7 million or $0.02 per diluted share for the first quarter of 2017.

Management Qualitative Comments

“Although our Q1 revenue was impacted by air quality-related mandatory factory shutdowns in Beijing as previously announced, Q1 was a positive quarter in many respects,” said Morris Young, chief executive officer. “We continued to see positive demand for AXT products. In addition, a favorable product mix and good manufacturing yields combined for increased gross margin. Regarding our Dingxing facility, we completed the first phase of facilitization, installed wafer processing equipment and produced initial wafers that can be used for qualification. We continue to execute our plans, supported by a healthy market environment and solid customer relationships. We are encouraged by the opportunities unfolding across our portfolio, as well as our readiness to participate in them.”

Conference Call

The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (844) 892-6598 (passcode 4269786). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at Replays will be available at (855) 859-2056 (passcode 4269786) until May 1, 2018. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 438-4700.

About AXT, Inc.

AXT designs, develops, manufactures and distributes high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates comprising indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and germanium (Ge) through its manufacturing facilities in Beijing, China.   AXT’s worldwide headquarters are in Fremont, California where the company maintains its sales, administration and customer service functions.  The company’s substrate products are used primarily in lighting display applications, wireless communications, fiber optic communications and solar cell applications. Its vertical gradient freeze (VGF) process technology for manufacturing semiconductor substrates provides significant benefits over other methods and enabled AXT to become a leading manufacturer of such substrates. AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and, as part of its supply chain strategy, has partial ownership in ten companies in China producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT’s website at

Safe Harbor Statement

The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, including, for example, statements regarding the market demand for our products, our growth prospects and opportunities for continued business expansion, our market opportunity, our relocation and our expectations with respect to our business prospects. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company’s operations and business environment, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: the timing and receipt of significant orders; the cancellation of orders and return of product; emerging applications using chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; end-user acceptance of products containing chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; the ability of the Company to bring new products to market; product announcements by our competitors; the ability to control costs and improve efficiency; the ability to utilize our manufacturing capacity; product yields and their impact on gross margins; the relocation of manufacturing lines; possible factory shutdowns as a result of air pollution in China; policies and regulations in China and other factors as set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company’s control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)
  Three Months Ended
  March 31, 
  2018     2017  
Revenue $  24,419     $  20,616  
Cost of revenue    14,846        14,328  
Gross profit    9,573        6,288  
Operating expenses:          
Selling, general and administrative    4,222        3,793  
Research and development    1,420        1,124  
Total operating expenses    5,642        4,917  
Income from operations    3,931        1,371  
Interest income, net    142        98  
Equity in loss of unconsolidated joint ventures    (334 )      (933 )
Other (expense) income, net    (215 )      48  
Income before provision for income taxes    3,524        584  
Provision for income taxes    334        159  
Net income    3,190        425  
Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests    (315 )      240  
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc. $  2,875     $  665  
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:          
Basic $  0.07     $  0.02  
Diluted $  0.07     $  0.02  
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:          
Basic    38,941        34,210  
Diluted    40,364        35,624  

(Unaudited, in thousands)
  March 31,    December 31, 
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents $  39,189     $  44,352  
Short-term investments    15,195        20,032  
Accounts receivable, net    21,347        22,778  
Inventories    51,122        45,840  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets    6,704        7,519  
Total current assets    133,557        140,521  
Long-term investments    12,511        12,576  
Property, plant and equipment, net    58,763        46,530  
Other assets    11,476        11,573  
Total assets $  216,307     $  211,200  
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable $  12,049     $  11,445  
Accrued liabilities    9,190        11,149  
Total current liabilities    21,239        22,594  
Other long-term liabilities    329        289  
Total liabilities    21,568        22,883  
Stockholders’ equity:          
Preferred stock    3,532        3,532  
Common stock    39        39  
Additional paid-in capital    232,212        231,679  
Accumulated deficit    (51,962 )      (54,837 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income    5,846        3,407  
Total AXT, Inc. stockholders’ equity    189,667        183,820  
Noncontrolling interests    5,072        4,497  
Total stockholders’ equity    194,739        188,317  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $  216,307     $  211,200  


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Source: AXT, Inc.