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AXT, Inc. Announces Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2019 Financial Results

FREMONT, Calif., Feb. 19, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- AXT, Inc. (NasdaqGS: AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor substrates, today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year, ended December 31, 2019.

Fourth Quarter 2019 Results

Revenue for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $18.4 million, compared with $19.8 million in the third quarter of 2019 and $22.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018. 

Gross margin was 21.0 percent of revenue for the fourth quarter of 2019, compared with 29.0 percent of revenue in the third quarter of 2019 and 26.3 percent for the fourth quarter of 2018. The decline in gross margin was driven by a decline in manufacturing efficiencies and yields associated with two new products for AXT: six-inch indium phosphide substrates and a new six-inch germanium product configuration for a large customer. These products address new market opportunities for AXT and the company believes it will drive improvements in manufacturing yields and efficiencies in the coming quarters. Additional items that contributed to the sequential decline were lower gross margins on consolidated raw material revenue and adjustments to inventory.

Operating expenses were $6.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, compared with $6.2 million in the third quarter of 2019 and $6.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2018. 

Operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $2.8 million compared with operating loss of $0.5 million in the third quarter of 2019 and $0.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.   

Interest and other, net was a gain of $0.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2019, compared with a de minimis gain in the third quarter of 2019 and a loss of $0.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.  Interest and other, net for the fourth quarter of 2019 included de minimis interest earnings, a foreign exchange gain of $0.2 million, a net loss of $0.2 million from the partially owned companies in the company’s supply chain accounted for under the equity method, and other income of $0.8 million. Other income included provincial government agency awards for relocation.

Benefit from income taxes in the fourth quarter of 2019 was $0.2 million compared with a de minimis charge in the third quarter of 2019 and a benefit of $0.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.

Net loss in the fourth quarter of 2019 was $2.0 million, or $0.05 per share, compared with a net loss of $0.9 million or $0.02 per share in the third quarter of 2019 and $1.1 million or $0.03 per share for the fourth quarter of 2018.

Fiscal Year 2019 Results (January 1 to December 31)

Revenue for fiscal year 2019 was $83.3 million, compared with $102.4 million in fiscal year 2018. 

Gross margin for fiscal year 2019 was 29.8 percent of revenue, compared with 36.2 percent of revenue in fiscal year 2018.

Operating expenses for fiscal year 2019 were $25.1 million, compared with $24.9 million in fiscal year 2018.

Net interest and other income for fiscal year 2019 was a loss of $0.7 million, compared with a loss of $0.2 million in fiscal year 2018.

Income tax expense for fiscal 2019 was $0.6 million compared with $0.9 million in fiscal year 2018.

Net loss in fiscal year 2019 was $2.6 million, or $0.07 per share, compared with a net income of $9.7 million, or $0.24 per diluted share, in fiscal year 2018. 

Management Qualitative Comments

“Q4 capped off a challenging year in which we weathered one of the most difficult demand environments in recent memory,” said Morris Young, chief executive officer. “Overall, this had a negative impact on key applications and certain customers within AXT’s gallium arsenide and germanium businesses, making up the majority of our year-over-year revenue decline. Despite these more challenging conditions, our indium phosphide business exceeded our expectations in Q4, and finished 2019 with modest growth over the prior year.”

“As we move into 2020, AXT is poised for growth and improvement in our financial results. Our indium phosphide business is healthy, with exciting applications contributing today, and new ones on the horizon. Our gallium arsenide and germanium businesses are also well positioned to benefit from a recovery. We are pleased to report that we expect to complete the qualification of our Dingxing facility by major customers in Q1. We believe this will open the door to incremental business opportunities from new and returning customers.”

Conference Call

The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (844) 892-6598 (passcode 9179371). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at Replays will be available at (855) 859-2056 (passcode 9179371) until February 25, 2020. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 438-4700.

About AXT, Inc.

AXT is a material science company that develops and manufactures high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrate wafers comprising indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and germanium (Ge).   The company’s substrate wafers are used when a typical silicon substrate wafer cannot meet the performance requirements of a semiconductor or optoelectronic device.  End markets include 5G infrastructure, data center connectivity (silicon photonics), passive optical networks, LED lighting, lasers, sensors, power amplifiers for wireless devices and satellite solar cells.  AXT’s worldwide headquarters are in Fremont, California where the company maintains its sales, administration and customer service functions.   AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and, as part of its supply chain strategy, has partial ownership in ten companies in China producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT’s website at

Safe Harbor Statement

The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, including, for example, statements regarding the market demand for our products, our growth prospects and opportunities for continued business expansion, our market opportunity, our relocation and our expectations with respect to our business prospects and financial results. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company’s operations and business environment, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: the timing and receipt of significant orders; the cancellation of orders and return of product; emerging applications using chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; end-user acceptance of products containing chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; our ability to bring new products to market; product announcements by our competitors; the ability to control costs and improve efficiency; the ability to utilize our manufacturing capacity; product yields and their impact on gross margins; the relocation of manufacturing lines; possible factory shutdowns as a result of air pollution in China; tariffs and other trade war issues; the financial performance of our partially owned supply chain companies; policies and regulations in China and other factors as set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company’s control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)

    Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended  
    December 31,   December 31,  
    2019     2018     2019     2018    
Revenue   $  18,410     $  22,232     $  83,256     $  102,397    
Cost of revenue      14,545        16,382        58,431        65,350    
Gross profit      3,865        5,850        24,825        37,047    
Operating expenses:                          
Selling, general and administrative      5,058        5,179        19,305        19,003    
Research and development      1,607        1,309        5,834        5,897    
Total operating expenses      6,665        6,488        25,139        24,900    
Income (loss) from operations      (2,800 )      (638 )      (314 )      12,147    
Interest income, net      2        114        217        528    
Equity in loss of unconsolidated joint ventures      (226 )      (1,059 )      (1,876 )      (1,080 )  
Other income (expense), net      1,002        531        947        352    
Income (loss) before provision for (benefit from) income taxes      (2,022 )      (1,052 )      (1,026 )      11,947    
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes      (214 )      (173 )      562        938    
Net income (loss)      (1,808 )      (879 )      (1,588 )      11,009    
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests      (241 )      (182 )      (1,012 )      (1,355 )  
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc.   $  (2,049 )   $  (1,061 )   $  (2,600 )   $  9,654    
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:                          
Basic   $  (0.05 )   $  (0.03 )   $  (0.07 )   $  0.24    
Diluted   $  (0.05 )   $  (0.03 )   $  (0.07 )   $  0.24    
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                          
Basic      39,636        39,197        39,487        39,049    
Diluted      39,636        39,197        39,487        40,265    

(Unaudited, in thousands)

    December 31,   December 31,   
Current assets:              
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 26,892     $ 16,526    
Short-term investments     9,427       22,129    
Accounts receivable, net     19,031       19,586    
Inventories     49,152       58,571    
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     8,703       11,728    
Total current assets     113,205       128,540    
Long-term investments           717    
Property, plant and equipment, net     97,403       82,280    
Operating lease right-of-use assets     2,938          
Other assets     9,803       11,987    
Total assets   $ 223,349     $ 223,524    
Current liabilities:              
Accounts payable   $ 10,098     $ 13,338    
Accrued liabilities     11,681       15,371    
Bank loan     5,747          
Total current liabilities     27,526       28,709    
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities     2,695          
Other long-term liabilities     366       283    
Total liabilities     30,587       28,992    
Stockholders’ equity:              
Preferred stock     3,532       3,532    
Common stock     41       40    
Additional paid-in capital     236,957       234,418    
Accumulated deficit     (47,783 )     (45,183 )  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (4,862 )     (1,972 )  
Total AXT, Inc. stockholders’ equity     187,885       190,835    
Noncontrolling interests     4,877       3,697    
Total stockholders’ equity     192,762       194,532    
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 223,349     $ 223,524    


Gary Fischer
Chief Financial Officer
(510) 438-4700

Leslie Green               
Green Communications Consulting, LLC
(650) 312-9060


Source: AXT, Inc.