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AXT, Inc. Announces Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2020 Financial Results

Revenue Grows 15 Percent Year on Year

FREMONT, Calif., Feb. 18, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- AXT, Inc. (NasdaqGS: AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor substrates, today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year, ended December 31, 2020.

Management Qualitative Comments

“2020 was a year of solid improvement for AXT, capped off by strong indium phosphide growth, particularly in 5G, in Q4, which is typically a seasonally down quarter,” said Morris Young, chief executive officer. “We completed the relocation of our gallium arsenide manufacturing, elevated our business and manufacturing processes to meet Tier-1 standards, and expanded capacity in response to increasing demand. Now, with the gathering momentum of 5G and its related technologies, the technology progression in data center connectivity, and new applications emerging in healthcare and consumer devices, we believe AXT is in a strong position to lead our industry and enable many of the defining trends of the coming decade.”

Fourth Quarter 2020 Results

  • Revenue for the fourth quarter of 2020 was $27.0 million, compared with $25.5 million in the third quarter of 2020 and $18.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2019.  

  • Gross margin was 34 percent of revenue for the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with 35 percent of revenue in the third quarter of 2020 and 21 percent for the fourth quarter of 2019.

  • Operating expenses were $7.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, primarily due to substantial investment in R&D and year-end employee bonuses. This compares with $6.6 million in the third quarter of 2020 and $6.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2019.  

  • Operating income for the fourth quarter of 2020 was $1.9 million, compared with operating income of $2.2 million in the third quarter of 2020 and an operating loss $2.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2019.
  • Net income in the fourth quarter of 2020 was $2.1 million, or $0.05 per share, compared with net income of $1.0 million or $0.02 per share in the third quarter of 2020, and a net loss of $2.0 million or $0.05 per share for the fourth quarter of 2019.

Fiscal Year 2020 Results (January 1 to December 31, 2020)

  • Revenue for fiscal year 2020 was $95.4 million, an increase of 15 percent from $83.3 million in fiscal year 2019.  

  • Gross margin for fiscal year 2020 was 32 percent of revenue, up from 30 percent of revenue in fiscal year 2019.

  • Operating expenses for fiscal year 2020 were $26.3 million, compared with $25.1 million in fiscal year 2019.

  • Operating income for fiscal year 2020 was $3.9 million compared with an operating loss in fiscal 2019 of $0.3 million.

  • Net income for fiscal 2020 was $3.2 million, or $0.07 per share, compared with a net loss of $2.6 million, or $0.07 per share for fiscal 2019.

STAR Market Listing Update

AXT previously announced on November 16, 2020 a strategic plan to access China’s capital markets and progress to an initial public offering by Beijing Tongmei Xtal Technology Co., Ltd. (“Tongmei”), its wafer manufacturing company in China, on the Shanghai Stock Exchange’s Sci-Tech innovAtion boaRd (the “STAR Market”). The first major step in this process is engaging reputable private equity firms in China to invest funds in Tongmei.

In January 2021, AXT completed the private equity investment funding in Tongmei. A number of private equity firms have invested approximately $49 million in exchange for an approximately 7.28 percent minority interest in Tongmei.

The process of going public on the STAR Market includes several periods of review and, therefore, is a lengthy process. Tongmei expects to accomplish this goal in mid-2022. AXT has posted a brief summary of the plan and the process on its website at

Conference Call

The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (844) 892-6598 (passcode 5773028). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at Replays will be available at (855) 859-2056 (passcode 5773028) until February 24, 2021. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company’s website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at or by calling the company’s Investor Relations Department at (510) 438-4700.

About AXT, Inc.

AXT is a material science company that develops and manufactures high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrate wafers comprising indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and germanium (Ge). The company’s substrate wafers are used when a typical silicon substrate wafer cannot meet the performance requirements of a semiconductor or optoelectronic device. End markets include 5G infrastructure, data center connectivity (silicon photonics), passive optical networks, LED lighting, lasers, sensors, power amplifiers for wireless devices and satellite solar cells. AXT’s worldwide headquarters are in Fremont, California where the company maintains sales, administration and customer service functions. AXT has its Asia headquarters in Beijing, China and manufacturing facilities in three separate locations in China. In addition, as part of its supply chain strategy, the company has partial ownership in ten companies in China producing raw materials for its manufacturing process. For more information, see AXT’s website at

Safe Harbor Statement

The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, including, for example, statements regarding completing other preliminary steps in connection with the proposed listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market, being accepted to list shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market and the timing and completion of such listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market. Additional examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding the market demand for our products, our growth prospects and opportunities for continued business expansion, including technology trends and new applications, our market opportunity, our ability to lead our industry, our relocation and our expectations with respect to our business prospects and financial results. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company’s operations and business environment, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: the withdrawal, cancellations or requests for redemptions by private equity funds in China of investments in Tongmei, the administrative challenges in satisfying the requirements of various government agencies in China in connection with the investments in Tongmei and the listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market, continued open access to companies to list shares on the STAR Market, investor enthusiasm for new listings of shares on the STAR Market and geopolitical tensions between China and the United States. Additional uncertainties and factors include, but are not limited to: the timing and receipt of significant orders; the cancellation of orders and return of product; emerging applications using chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; end-user acceptance of products containing chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; our ability to bring new products to market; product announcements by our competitors; the ability to control costs and improve efficiency; the ability to utilize our manufacturing capacity; product yields and their impact on gross margins; the relocation of manufacturing lines and ramping of production; possible factory shutdowns as a result of air pollution in China; COVID-19 or other outbreaks of a contagious disease; tariffs and other trade war issues; the financial performance of our partially owned supply chain companies; policies and regulations in China; and other factors as set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company’s control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)

       Three Months Ended      Twelve Months Ended  
    December 31,   December 31,  
    2020       2019    2020       2019      
Revenue   $ 27,035     $ 18,410     $ 95,361     $ 83,256    
Cost of revenue     17,873       14,545       65,086       58,431    
Gross profit     9,162       3,865       30,275       24,825    
Operating expenses:                          
Selling, general and administrative     5,081       5,058       19,200       19,305    
Research and development     2,162       1,607       7,135       5,834    
Total operating expenses     7,243       6,665       26,335       25,139    
Income (loss) from operations     1,919       (2,800 )     3,940       (314 )  
Interest income (expense), net     (41 )     2       (179 )     217    
Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures     354       (226 )     111       (1,876 )  
Other income, net     260       1,002       3,200       947    
Income (loss) before provision for (benefit from) income taxes     2,492       (2,022 )     7,072       (1,026 )  
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes     108       (214 )     2,031       562    
Net income (loss)     2,384       (1,808 )     5,041       (1,588 )  
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests     (320 )     (241 )     (1,803 )     (1,012 )  
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc.   $ 2,064     $ (2,049 )   $ 3,238     $ (2,600 )  
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:                          
Basic   $ 0.05     $ (0.05 )   $ 0.08     $ (0.07 )  
Diluted   $ 0.05     $ (0.05 )   $ 0.07     $ (0.07 )  
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                          
Basic     40,678       39,636       40,152       39,487    
Diluted     42,042       39,636       41,025       39,487    

(Unaudited, in thousands)

       December 31,      December 31  
    2020    2019   
Current assets:              
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 72,602     $ 26,892    
Short-term investments     240       9,427    
Accounts receivable, net     24,558       19,031    
Inventories     51,515       49,152    
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     15,603       8,703    
Total current assets     164,518       113,205    
Long-term investments     5,726          
Property, plant and equipment, net     115,825       97,403    
Operating lease right-of-use assets     2,683       2,938    
Other assets     10,110       9,803    
Total assets   $ 298,862     $ 223,349    
Current liabilities:              
Accounts payable   $ 12,669     $ 10,098    
Accrued liabilities     15,995       11,681    
Bank loan     10,411       5,747    
Total current liabilities     39,075       27,526    
Long-term portion of royalty payments     1,209          
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities     2,374       2,695    
Other long-term liabilities     672       366    
Total liabilities     43,330       30,587    
Redeemable noncontrolling interests     47,563          
Stockholders’ equity:              
Preferred stock     3,532       3,532    
Common stock     42       41    
Additional paid-in capital     230,381       236,957    
Accumulated deficit     (44,545 )     (47,783 )  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)     3,209       (4,862 )  
Total AXT, Inc. stockholders’ equity     192,619       187,885    
Noncontrolling interests     15,350       4,877    
Total stockholders’ equity     207,969       192,762    
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity   $ 298,862     $ 223,349    

                Gary Fischer
                Chief Financial Officer
                (510) 438-4700

                Leslie Green                
                Green Communications Consulting, LLC
                (650) 312-9060

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Source: AXT, Inc.